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IELTS BNC: 532 COCA: 486
rɪlʃənʃɪp rɪˈleɪʃənˌʃɪp
Word forms: plural relationships
1 N-COUNT (人、团体等之间的)关系,关联 The relationship between two people or groups is the way in which they feel and behave towards each other. (人、团体等之间的)关系,关联
  • ...the friendly relationship between France and Britain.


  • ...family relationships.


2 N-COUNT 恋爱关系;性关系;感情关系 A relationship is a close friendship between two people, especially one involving romantic or sexual feelings. 恋爱关系;性关系;感情关系
  • We had been together for two years, but both of us felt the relationship wasn't really going anywhere.


3 N-COUNT (事物之间的)关系,关联,联系 The relationship between two things is the way in which they are connected. (事物之间的)关系,关联,联系 [Also + to]
  • There is a relationship between diet and cancer. [+ between/of]


  • ...an analysis of market mechanisms and their relationship to state capitalism and political freedom.


A relationship, I think, is like a shark, you know? It has to constantly move forward or it dies. And I think what we got on our hands is a dead shark Woody Allen Annie Hall
Word Partnership
Word PartnershipUse relationship with:

professional relationship, working relationship 1

abusive relationship, good relationship, healthy relationship, loving relationship 1 2

close relationship, intimate relationship 1 2 3

romantic relationship, sexual relationship 2


develop a relationship, end a relationship, have a relationship, maintain a relationship 1 2

establish a relationship 1 2 3

Trends of relationship
View usage for:All yearsLast 10 yearsLast 50 yearsLast 100 yearsLast 300 years
IELTS BNC: 532 COCA: 486


1between people/groups/countries人與人;團體間;國家間ADJECTIVE | VERB + RELATIONSHIP | RELATIONSHIP + VERB | RELATIONSHIP + NOUN | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEfriendly, good, happy, harmonious, healthy, strong友好的/良好的/愉快的/融洽的/健康的/牢固的關係They have a very healthy father-son relationship.他們的父子關係很好。broken, difficult, failed, fragile, poor, rocky, stormy, strained, troubled, uneasy, volatile破裂的/難弄的/不成功的/脆弱的/糟糕的/不牢靠的/吵鬧不休的/緊張的/有麻煩的/令人不安的/不穩定的關係Their relationship has always been a stormy one.他們的關係總是衝突不斷。close, intense, intimate, special密切的/熱切的/親密的/特殊的關係Britain's special relationship with the US英美兩國的特殊關係committed, enduring, lasting, long-standing, long-term, monogamous, permanent, serious, stable, steady堅定的/持久的/持續的/長久的/長期的/一夫一妻的/永久的/認真的/穩固的/穩定的關係He was not married, but he was in a stable relationship.他沒有結婚,但和女友關係穩定。brief, casual短暫的/隨便的關係caring, love-hate, loving關懷之關係;愛恨關係;愛的關係abusive虐待關係family, human, interpersonal, one-to-one, personal家庭關係;人際關係;一對一的關係;私人關係doctor-patient, parent-child, etc.醫患、親子等關係business, contractual, financial, formal, professional, social, working業務/契約/財務/正式/職業/社會/工作關係marital, physical, romantic, sexual婚姻關係;肉體關係;戀愛關係;性關係platonic柏拉圖式的關係gay, heterosexual, homosexual, lesbian, same-sex同性戀關係;異性戀關係;女同性戀關係power權力關係The play is about power relationships at work.該劇講的是權力關係是如何起作用的。VERB + RELATIONSHIPenjoy, have享有⋯關係;有⋯關係They enjoyed a close working relationship.他們的工作關係非常密切。The school has a very good relationship with the community.學校與社區的關係非常融洽。He had brief relationships with several women.他跟好幾個女人都有過短暫的關係。begin, build, build up, cultivate, develop, establish, forge, form, foster開始關係;建立關係;培養關係;發展關係;確立關係;形成關係Building strong relationships is essential.建立牢固的關係是很重要的。They established a relationship of trust.他們建立了相互信任的關係。cement, improve, strengthen鞏固/改善/加強關係continue, maintain繼續/維持關係deal with, handle, manage處理關係He's not very good at handling personal relationships.他不大善於處理人際關係。break off, end斷絕/終止關係She broke off the relationship when she found out about his gambling.發現他賭博後,她與他斷絕了關係。destroy, ruin破壞關係Lack of trust destroys many relationships.缺乏信任會破壞多種關係。RELATIONSHIP + VERBexist關係存在We want to improve the relationship that exists between the university and industry.我們想改善大學和企業之間的關係。deepen, develop, evolve, progress關係深化;關係發展;關係進步blossom, flourish關係發展良好/越來越好work關係得以發展I tried everything to make our relationship work.我用盡了一切辦法讓我們的關係發展下去。continue, last關係繼續/持續下去deteriorate, go wrong, worsen關係惡化;關係變壞break down, break up, end, fail關係破裂;關係結束RELATIONSHIP + NOUNdifficulties, problems關係難題/問題breakdown (especially BrE) 關係破裂goals關係目標counsellor/counselor (especially BrE) 關係顧問PREPOSITIONin a/the relationship處於⋯關係In normal human relationships there has to be some give and take.正常的人際關係應該是有來有往的。At the moment he isn't in a relationship.目前他的感情生活是空白的。relationship among⋯之間的關係The focus is on relationships among European countries.焦點在於歐洲各國之間的關係。relationship between, relationship to⋯之間的關係;和⋯的關係their relationship to each other他們彼此的關係relationship with與⋯的關係PHRASESthe breakdown of a relationship關係破裂a network of relationships, a web of relationships關係網


2family connection親屬ADJECTIVE | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEblood, family, kin, kinship血緣/家庭/親戚/親屬關係distant遠親(關係)He claimed to have a distant relationship with royalty.他聲稱與王室有遠親關係。PREPOSITIONrelationship between⋯之間的親屬關係'What's the relationship between you and Tony?' 'He's my cousin.'“你和托尼是什麼關係?”“他是我堂兄。”relationship to和⋯的親屬關係What relationship are you to Pat?你是帕特的什麼人?


3connection between two or more things聯繫ADJECTIVE | VERB + RELATIONSHIP | RELATIONSHIP + VERB | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEclose密切的關聯There's a close relationship between increased money supply and inflation.貨幣供應的增加與通貨膨脹有密切的關聯。direct直接關聯clear清晰的關聯complex, complicated複雜的關聯significant重要的關聯true真正的關聯particular特別的關係inverse, negative負向的關係;負相關the inverse relationship between gas consumption and air temperature汽油消耗量與氣溫的反向關係positive正相關causal, dynamic, reciprocal, symbiotic因果/動態的/互惠的/共生關係the symbiotic relationship between corals and algae珊瑚與水藻的共生關係linear, spatial線性/空間關係economic, functional, legal經濟聯繫;職能關係;法律關係natural, organic自然的關係;有機的關聯symbolic象徵性的關係VERB + RELATIONSHIPbear, have有關係;相關聯The fee bears little relationship to the service provided.這項收費與提供的服務沒有多大關係。analyze, assess, evaluate, examine, explore, investigate, look at, study分析/評估/評價/檢查/探究/調查/觀察/研究關係His latest book examines the relationship between spatial awareness and mathematical ability.他在其最新著作中探究了空間想像能力與數學學習能力之間的關係。determine, discover, establish, find確定關係;發現關係;建立關係;找到關聯They discovered a relationship between depression and lack of sunlight.他們發現了情緒低落與缺乏日照之間的關聯。demonstrate, show表明關係;顯示關聯see, understand看出關係;瞭解關聯describe描述關係RELATIONSHIP + VERBexist關聯存在No statistically significant relationship existed between the occurrences.從統計數據上看,這些事件之間並不存在重要的關聯。emerge關聯出現A clear relationship emerged in the study between happiness and level of education.研究發現,幸福與受教育程度之間存在着明顯的關聯。PREPOSITIONin a/the relationship在關係中The different varieties of the language are in a dynamic relationship with each other.這種語言的不同變體間存在着動態的聯繫。relationship among⋯之間的關聯Our research will explore the relationships among these variables.我們的研究將探索這些變量之間的關係。relationship between⋯之間的關聯I can't see the relationship between the figures and the diagram.我看不出這些數字與圖表之間的關聯。relationship to和⋯的關係the relationship of a parasite to its host寄生蟲和寄主的關係relationship with與⋯的關係PHRASESthe nature of the relationship關係的本質stand in a... relationship to sth處於⋯的關係中Women and men stand in a different relationship to language.男女在語言方面存在差異。
IELTS BNC: 532 COCA: 486
relationship noun
relationship1 (The brothers had a close relationship.) relationship2 (a sexual relationship) relation (the relationship between mental and physical health)


The brothers had a close relationship. 兄弟几个关系密切。a sexual relationship 性关系 See also the entry for bond 另见bond条relationship ♦︎ relations ♦︎ partnership ♦︎ tie ♦︎ link ♦︎ association ♦︎ contact ♦︎ affiliationThese are all words for a connection between two people, groups or countries. 这些词均表示人际或国际间的关系、联系。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配a relationship / relations / a partnership / ties / a link / an association / contacts / an affiliation with sb / stha relationship / relations / a partnership / ties / links / an association / an affiliation between A and B(a) close relationship / relations / partnership / ties / links / association / contacts(a) strong relationship / partnership / ties / linkseconomic / diplomatic / family relations / ties / linkstrade relations / links / contacts(a) business / professional relationship / relations / partnership / ties / links / association / contacts(a) political relationship / relations / partnership / ties / links / association / contacts / affiliation(a) personal relationship / relations / ties / links / association / contacts / affiliationinternational relations / partnership / ties / links / contactsto have a relationship / relations / a partnership / ties / a link / an association / contacts / an affiliationto build / establish / foster a relationship / relations / a partnership / ties / links / contactsto develop a relationship / relations / a partnership / ties / links / an association / contactsto improve / strengthen a relationship / relations / a partnership / ties / linksto sever / break off relations / ties / links relationship [countable, uncountable] the way in which two people, groups or countries behave towards each other or deal with each other; the way in which a person is related to sb else in a family (人、团体、国家之间的)关系,联系;血缘关系;姻亲关系The relationship between the police and the local community has improved.警察和当地民众之间的关系已经得到改善。I have established a good working relationship with my boss.我和老板已经建立起良好的工作关系。She has a love-hate relationship with her job (= her feelings for her job are a mixture of love and hatred).她对她的工作又爱又恨。a father-son / mother-daughter relationship父子/母女关系I'm not sure of the exact relationship between them-I think they're cousins.我不太清楚他们之间的确切关系,我觉得他们是表亲。 relations [plural] the way in which two people, groups or countries behave towards each other or deal with each other (人、团体、国家之间的)关系,联系,交往Sino-US relations中美关系Relations with neighbouring countries are under strain at present.目前,与邻国的关系正处于紧张状态。The change of government led to improved industrial relations (= relations between employers and employees).政府的变革使劳资关系得到改善。NOTE 辨析 Relationship or relations?The word relations is often used to talk about how good or bad the relationship between people, groups or countries is. * relations常用于谈论关系的好坏strained / difficult relations紧张/不融洽的关系cordial / harmonious / improved relations亲切友好/和谐/改善的关系 Relationships are often more personal than relations. * relationships往往比relations更多涉及个人生活international / race / cultural relations国际/种族/文化关系interpersonal / one-to-one / parent-child relationships人际/一对一的/亲子关系 partnership [countable, uncountable] a relationship between two people, organizations, etc. in which the two work together for a result that is good for both of them; the state of having this relationship 合作关系;伙伴关系Marriage should be an equal partnership.婚姻应当是平等的伴侣关系。the school's partnership with parents学校与家长的合作a partnership between the United States and Europe美国与欧洲的伙伴关系 see also partner partner 1 tie [countable, usually plural] a strong relationship between people or organizations 联系;关系;纽带The firm has close ties with an American corporation.这家商行与一家美国公司关系密切。The community was bound by family ties and a strong church.家族关系和强大的教会影响使那个社区凝聚在一起。Although he was raised as a Roman Catholic, he has cut his ties with the Church.虽然从小受到天主教的熏陶,但他已经切断与教会的关系。the ties of friendship / kinship友谊的纽带;亲属关系 link [countable] a connection or relationship between two or more people, countries or organizations 联系;关系;纽带They were keen to establish trade links with Asia.他们渴望与亚洲建立贸易关系。Social customs provide a vital link between generations.社会风俗是一代人与另一代人之间的重要纽带。NOTE 辨析 Tie or link? Ties are stronger than links and suggest that people or groups are closely connected or are dependent on each other in some way. The word ties is more frequent than links to refer to connections that are more emotional. * tie指比link更强的联系,意味着人或团体有密切联系,或在某种程度上相互依赖。表示感情色彩较强的联系时,tie比link更常用trade / business ties / links贸易/商务关系but 但要说family ties家族关系the ties of friendship友谊的纽带family links the links of friendship association əˌsəʊʃiˈeɪʃn, əˌsəʊsiˈeɪʃn; NAmE əˌsoʊʃiˈeɪʃn [countable, uncountable] (rather formal) a connection or relationship between people or organizations, especially a business one 联系;联合;(尤指)商业关系He was questioned about his alleged association with terrorist groups.他被指称与恐怖组织有关联,并受到了讯问。The book was published in association with (= together with) British Heritage.这本书是与《英国传统》杂志社联合出版的。 see also associate partner noun 1 contact [countable, usually plural] (especially business 尤用于商业) an occasion on which you meet or communicate with sb; a relationship with sb 联系;交往;关系We have good contacts with the local community.我们与当地社区关系不错。The company has maintained trade contacts with India.这家公司和印度一直保持着贸易往来。 affiliation əˌfɪliˈeɪʃn [uncountable, countable] (formal) one group or organization's official connection with another, especially a political or religious one (尤指政治或宗教关系的)隶属,从属Trade unions have a long history of affiliation to the Labour Party.工会隶属工党由来已久。the diverse religious affiliations of Ghanaian Americans加纳裔美国人不同的宗教背景relationship2


The brothers had a close relationship. 兄弟几个关系密切。a sexual relationship 性关系relationship ♦︎ affair ♦︎ romance ♦︎ love affair ♦︎ courtship ♦︎ liaisonThese are all words for a romantic or sexual friendship between two people. 这些词均表示情爱关系、性爱关系。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配a relationship / an affair / a romance / a love affair / a liaison with sba relationship / an affair / a romance / a love affair / a liaison between A and Ba brief / long relationship / affair / romance / love affair / courtshipa passionate relationship / affair / romance / love affaira secret relationship / affair / romance / love affair / liaisonto have a relationship / an affair / a romance / a love affair / a liaisonto start / begin / embark on a relationship / an affair / a love affaira relationship / an affair / a romance / a love affair is over relationship [countable] a loving and/or sexual friendship between two people 情爱关系;性爱关系He was not married but he was in a stable relationship.他没有结婚,但有固定女友。She's had a series of miserable relationships.她经历了一次又一次的恋爱波折。Money problems have put a strain on their relationship.钱的问题让他们关系紧张。 affair [countable] a sexual relationship between two people, usually when one or both of them is married to sb else (尤指一方或双方已婚的)私通,风流韵事She is having an affair with her boss.她跟老板有暧昧关系。 romance rəʊˈmæns, ˈrəʊmæns; NAmE ˈroʊmæns [countable] an exciting, usually short, relationship between two people who are in love with each other (通常指短暂的)浪漫史,爱情关系,风流韵事They married after a whirlwind romance.他们谈了很短暂的旋风式恋爱后就结婚了。 (BrE) a holiday romance假日浪漫史 (especially NAmE) a summer romance夏日情事 see also romance love noun 1 , romantic loving ˈlove affair [countable] a romantic and/or sexual relationship between two people who are in love and not married to each other 风流韵事;(非夫妻间的)性关系So you're not going to tell me when your love affair with Sam ended?这么说,你不打算告诉我你和萨姆的风流韵事是何时结束的?NOTE 辨析 Affair or love affair?A love affair is usually more romantic than an affair; it need not involve sex, and can be between two people of whom neither is married. * love affair通常比affair更浪漫,它未必涉及性,双方亦可能均未婚。 courtship [countable, uncountable] (old-fashioned) the time when two people have a romantic relationship before they get married; the process of developing this relationship 求爱期;求爱;追求They married after a short courtship.他们恋爱不久便结婚了。Mr Elton's courtship of Harriet埃尔顿先生对哈丽雅特的追求Courtship is now quite an old-fashioned term, but it is still used to talk about people in the past. * courtship现在是相当过时的说法,但仍用于谈论过去的人。 see also court go out liaison liˈeɪzn; NAmE liˈeɪzɑːn [countable] (formal) a secret sexual relationship, especially if one or both partners are married (尤指一方或双方已婚的)私通,通奸He finally admitted to several sexual liaisons.他最终承认有过几次通奸。
IELTS BNC: 532 COCA: 486
Relationships and membership of social groups: relationship, connection, association...
A connection or relation between things: relation, link, linkage...

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