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BNC: 635 COCA: 425
kɪl kɪl
Word forms: plural , 3rd person singular present tense kills, present participle killing, past tense , past participle killed
1 VERB 杀死;弄死;导致死亡 If a person, animal, or other living thing is killed, something or someone causes them to die. 杀死;弄死;导致死亡
  • More than 1,000 people have been killed by the armed forces. [be VERB-ed]


  • He had attempted to kill himself on several occasions. [VERB pronoun-reflexive]


  • Cattle should be killed cleanly and humanely. [VERB pronoun-reflexive]


  • The earthquake killed 62 people. [VERB noun]


  • Heroin can kill. [VERB]


  • There is tension in the region following the killing of seven civilians.


2 N-COUNT [usually singular] 杀死,捕杀(动物) The act of killing an animal after hunting it is referred to as the kill . 杀死,捕杀(动物)
  • After the kill the men and old women collect in an open space and eat a meal of whale meat.


3 VERB 毁灭;破坏;扼杀;使停止 If someone or something kills a project, activity, or idea, they completely destroy or end it. 毁灭;破坏;扼杀;使停止
  • His objective was to kill the space station project altogether. [VERB noun]


  • Public opinion may yet kill the proposal. [VERB noun]


Kill off means the same as kill .kill off kill
  • He would soon launch a second offensive, killing off the peace process.


  • The Government's financial squeeze had killed the scheme off.


4 VERB 使减轻(疼痛) If something kills pain, it weakens it so that it is no longer as strong as it was. 使减轻(疼痛)
  • He was forced to take opium to kill the pain. [VERB noun]


5 VERB [only cont] 使痛苦;使疼痛;折磨 If you say that something is killing you, you mean that it is causing you physical or emotional pain. 使痛苦;使疼痛;折磨 [informal]
  • My feet are killing me. [V pron]


6 VERB 竭尽全力;极力 If you say that you kill yourself to do something, you are emphasizing that you make a great effort to do it, even though it causes you a lot of trouble or suffering. 竭尽全力;极力 [informal, emphasis]
  • You shouldn't always have to kill yourself to do well. [VERB pronoun-reflexive]


7 VERB (因对极度愤怒而)想杀死 If you say that you will kill someone for something they have done, you are emphasizing that you are extremely angry with them. (因对极度愤怒而)想杀死 [emphasis]
  • Tell Richard I'm going to kill him when I get hold of him. [VERB noun]


8 VERB 致命;要命 If you say that something will not kill you, you mean that it is not really as difficult or unpleasant as it might seem. 致命;要命 [informal]
  • Three or four more weeks won't kill me! [V pron]


9 VERB 消磨(时间);打发(时光) If you are killing time, you are doing something because you have some time available, not because you really want to do it. 消磨(时间);打发(时光) [Also V n v-ing]
  • I'm just killing time until I can talk to the other witnesses. [VERB noun]


  • To kill the hours while she waited, Ann worked in the garden. [VERB noun]


Usage Note :
  • There are several words which mean similar things to kill. To murder someone means to kill them deliberately. Assassinate is used to talk about the murder of an important person, often for political reasons. If a large number of people are murdered, the words slaughter or massacre are sometimes used. Slaughter can also be used to talk about killing animals for their meat.


10 PHRASE (表示强调)即使很难,即便很费力 If you say that you will do something if it kills you, you are emphasizing that you are determined to do it even though it is extremely difficult or painful. (表示强调)即使很难,即便很费力 [emphasis]
  • I'll make this marriage work if it kills me.


11 PHRASE 使笑得前仰后合;使笑死了 If you say that you killed yourself laughing, you are emphasizing that you laughed a lot because you thought something was extremely funny. 使笑得前仰后合;使笑死了 [informal, emphasis]
12 PHRASE 借机行事;伺机而动 If you move in for the kill or if you close in for the kill, you take advantage of a changed situation in order to do something that you have been preparing to do. 借机行事;伺机而动
  • Seeing his chance, Dennis moved in for the kill.


13 to kill two birds with one stone→see: bird  dressed to kill→see: dressed  to kill the goose that lays the golden egg→see: goose  to be killed outright→see: outright 
Phrasal verbs:
kill off
Kill one man and you are a murderer. Kill millions and you are a conqueror. Kill all and you are a God Jean Rostand Pensées d'un Biologiste
Thou shalt not kill Bible: Exodus
Thou shalt not kill; but needst not strive
Officiously, to keep alive
Arthur Hugh Clough The Latest Decalogue
Thesauruskill Also look up:

execute, murder, put down, slay, wipe out 1

Trends of kill
View usage for:All yearsLast 10 yearsLast 50 yearsLast 100 yearsLast 300 years
BNC: 635 COCA: 425


ADJECTIVE | VERB + KILL | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEclean, easy, quick利落的/輕易的/迅速的獵殺fresh新鮮的獵物vultures sensing a fresh kill察覺到新鮮獵物的禿鷲fish (NAmE) 魚難the worst fish kill in recorded history有歷史記載以來最嚴重的魚難VERB + KILLmake殺死The lion made a quick kill.獅子迅速咬死了獵物。be in at (BrE) 殺戮時在場I didn't even see the fox, let alone be in at the kill.我都沒看見那隻狐狸,更不用說看見這場捕殺了。close in for, go in for, move in for逐漸靠近以伺機殺死The hunters moved in for the kill.獵手們逐漸圍上去,準備捕殺獵物。PREPOSITIONat the kill (BrE) 在殺戮現場The meat is divided up among all those present at the kill.肉在獵殺現場的人之間分配。for the kill為了捕殺The animal crouched down, getting ready for the kill.野獸蹲伏下來,準備捕殺獵物。


ADVERB | VERB + KILL | PHRASES ADVERBoutright當場殺死He has fought more than fifty bulls, killing three outright.他已鬥過五十多頭公牛,當場殺死過三頭。almost, nearly幾乎/差點兒殺死instantly立即殺死quickly迅速殺死The animals are killed quickly and humanely.那些動物被迅速人道地宰殺。slowly慢慢地殺死The poison was slowly killing her.毒藥正在慢慢地奪走她的生命。eventually, finally最後/最終殺死the camp guards who tortured and eventually killed her那些折磨並最終殺害了她的集中營衞兵accidentally, inadvertently意外/過失殺死deliberately, intentionally故意/蓄意殺死I don't believe that he intentionally killed her.我不相信他故意殺害了她。allegedly被控殺死his trial for allegedly killing his wife他因被控殺害妻子而受的審判unlawfully (BrE, law法律) 非法殺害The inquest concluded that he was unlawfully killed.調查結論是他是被非法殺害的。needlessly不必要地殺害the number of people needlessly killed by hospital infections因院內感染無謂致死的人數indiscriminately濫殺一氣The terrorists had shown their willingness to kill indiscriminately.恐怖分子已經表示他們意欲大開殺戒。systematically有計劃有步驟地殺害The militias are systematically killing and raping civilians.這些民兵正在有計劃有步驟地殺戮、姦污平民。brutally殘忍地殺害There were reports of people brutally killed.有報道說有人被殘忍地殺害了。VERB + KILLwant to想殺死be prepared to準備殺死They are quite prepared to kill to achieve their ends.為了達到目的,他們已做好殺人的準備。threaten to威脅殺死be going to, intend to, mean to, plan to打算/意圖/意在/計劃殺死He knew they meant to kill him.他知道他們意在置他於死地。What if they really do plan to kill us?如果他們真的計劃殺死我們怎麼辦?Dad's going to kill me when he finds out. (figurative) 爸爸要是發現了,輕饒不了我。plot to密謀殺死They plotted to kill the dictator.他們密謀刺殺那位獨裁者。attempt to, seek to, try to企圖/力圖/試圖殺死help (to)幫助殺死make sb使某人殺死The situation must have been really awful to make her kill herself.能導致她自殺,當時的情況肯定是糟糕透了。PHRASESadmit killing sb, admit to killing sb, deny killing sb承認殺死某人;否認殺死某人He admitted killing her but said it was unintentional.他承認殺死了她,但說不是故意的。be accused of killing sb, be charged with killing sb被指控殺死某人be killed in sth在⋯中被殺死soldiers killed in battle陣亡的士兵be tragically killed慘死Their daughter was tragically killed in a road accident.他們的女兒在一次車禍中慘死。
BNC: 635 COCA: 425


 See also the entry for shoot 另见shoot条kill ♦︎ murder ♦︎ execute ♦︎ assassinate ♦︎ slay ♦︎ bump sb off ♦︎ take sb/sth out ♦︎ eliminate ♦︎ finish sb/sth offThese words all mean to make sb/sth die. 这些词均表示杀死。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配to kill / murder / assassinate sb in cold bloodto brutally kill / murder / slay sb kill [transitive, intransitive] to make sb/sth die 杀死;弄死;导致死亡Cancer kills thousands of people every year.每年都有成千上万的人死于癌症。Three people were killed in the crash.有三人在此次撞车事故中丧生。He tried to kill himself with sleeping pills.他试图服安眠药自杀。I bought a spray to kill the weeds.我买了一种喷雾剂来清除杂草。Excessive tiredness while driving can kill.过度疲劳时驾车会出人命的。 see also killing murder noun murder [transitive] to kill sb deliberately and illegally 谋杀;杀害He denies murdering his wife's lover.他否认谋杀了妻子的情夫。 see also murder murder noun , murderous violent execute ˈeksɪkjuːt [transitive, usually passive] to kill sb, especially as a legal punishment (尤指依法)处决,处死He was executed for treason.他因叛国罪被处死了。The prisoners were executed by firing squad.那些犯人被行刑队枪决了。 see also execution execution assassinate əˈsæsɪneɪt; NAmE əˈsæsəneɪt [transitive, often passive] to murder an important or famous person, especially for political reasons (尤指因政治原因)暗杀,行刺The prime minister was assassinated by extremists.首相遭极端分子暗杀。 see also assassination murder noun slay (slew, slain) [transitive] (especially NAmE, especially journalism 尤用于新闻) to murder sb 谋杀;杀害Two passengers were slain by the hijackers.两名乘客遭劫机者杀害。In old-fashioned or literary English, both British and American, slay means 'to kill sb/sth in a war or fight'. 不管是英式英语还是美式英语,在旧式英语或文学语言中,slay均表示在战争或搏斗中杀死某人或动物St George slew the dragon.圣乔治杀死了那条龙。 see also slaying murder noun ˌbump sb ˈoff

phrasal verb

(informal, humorous) to murder sb 谋杀;杀害;干掉She'd had three husbands and bumped them all off for the insurance money.她曾有过三任丈夫,都因为保险金而被她杀害了。
ˌtake sb/sth ˈout

phrasal verb

(took, taken) (informal) to kill sb or destroy sth, especially an enemy or sb/sth that causes problems for you 杀死,消灭(尤指敌人或造成麻烦者)They took out two enemy bombers.他们击毁了敌人的两架轰炸机。
eliminate ɪˈlɪmɪneɪt [transitive] (rather formal, written) to kill sb, especially an enemy or opponent 消灭,杀死(尤指敌人或对手)Most of the regime's left-wing opponents were eliminated.这个政权的左翼反对派的大部分人已被除掉。 see also eliminate remove 1 ˌfinish sb/sth ˈoff

phrasal verb

(rather informal) to kill or destroy sb/sth, especially sb/sth that is already badly injured or damaged 杀死,彻底摧毁(尤指已严重受伤的人或损坏的物)The hunter moved in to finish the animal off.猎人逼近那只动物,把它给杀死了。

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