1 ADJ [usually ADJ n] （产业、服务）私立的，私有的，私营的，民营的 Private
industries and services are owned or controlled by an individual person or a commercial company, rather than by the state or an official organization. （产业、服务）私立的，私有的，私营的，民营的 [business]
...a joint venture with private industry.
Bupa runs private hospitals in Britain.
Brazil says its constitution forbids the private ownership of energy assets.
2 ADJ [ADJ n] 个人的；私人的 Private
individuals are acting only for themselves, and are not representing any group, company, or organization. 个人的；私人的
...the law's insistence that private citizens are not permitted to have weapons.
The King was on a private visit to enable him to pray at the tombs of his ancestors.
The family tried to bring a private prosecution against him for assault.
3 ADJ [usually ADJ n] （财物等）个人所有的，私有的，私人的
things belong only to you, or may only be used by you. （财物等）个人所有的，私有的，私人的
The landowners have had to sell their private aircraft.
They want more State control over private property.
There are 76 individually furnished bedrooms, all with private bathrooms.
I took the precaution of clearing out my desk before I left, and only my private secretary knows it.
4 ADJ [usually ADJ n] （地方、聚会等）非公开的，私人的 Private
places or gatherings may be attended only by a particular group of people, rather than by the general public. （地方、聚会等）非公开的，私人的
673 private golf clubs took part in a recent study.
The door is marked 'Private'.
Brian Epstein was buried in a private ceremony at Long Lane Cemetery, Liverpool.
5 ADJ [usually ADJ n] （会议、讨论、活动等）秘密的，私下的 Private
meetings, discussions, and other activities involve only a small number of people, and very little information about them is given to other people. （会议、讨论、活动等）秘密的，私下的
Few senior figures have issued any public statements but privately the resignation's been welcomed.
I had not talked to Winnette privately for weeks.
6 ADJ [usually ADJ n] （生活）私人的，个人的，与工作无关的
Your private life
is that part of your life that is concerned with your personal relationships and activities, rather than with your work or business. （生活）私人的，个人的，与工作无关的
7 ADJ-GRADED [usually ADJ n] （想法、感觉）私密的，隐私的，内心的
thoughts or feelings are ones that you do not talk about to other people. （想法、感觉）私密的，隐私的，内心的
We all felt as if we were intruding on his private grief.
...the enactment of her private sexual fantasies.
It's just that it's something very private, and I simply can't talk about it.
Privately, she worries about whether she's really good enough.
He had privately resolved he would buy her the dress.
8 ADJ [ADJ n] 只有自己人明白的
You can use private
to describe situations or activities that are understood only by the people involved in them, and not by anyone else. 只有自己人明白的
Chinese waiters stood in a cluster, sharing a private joke.
As many as 40 per cent of twins have a private language that excludes the rest of the family.
9 ADJ-GRADED （地方等）僻静的，幽静的，无人打扰的
If you describe a place as private
, or as somewhere where you can be private
, you mean that it is a quiet place and you can be alone there without being disturbed. （地方等）僻静的，幽静的，无人打扰的
It was the only reasonably private place they could find.
...a very attractive country house set within a uniquely beautiful and private position.
We were alone, completely private, with not even Angela present.
10 ADJ-GRADED [usually ADJ n] （人）内敛的，文静内向的，孤僻的
If you describe someone as a private
person, you mean that they are very quiet by nature and do not reveal their thoughts and feelings to other people. （人）内敛的，文静内向的，孤僻的
11 ADJ [usually ADJ n] 私人教授的；私下辅导的
You can use private
to describe lessons that are not part of ordinary school activity, and which are given by a teacher to an individual pupil or a small group, usually in return for payment. 私人教授的；私下辅导的
Martial arts: Private lessons: £8 per hour.
...Donald Tovey, who took her as his private pupil for the piano.
12 N-COUNT; N-TITLE 列兵，二等兵（级别最低的士兵）
is a soldier of the lowest rank in an army or the marines. 列兵，二等兵（级别最低的士兵）
SYN enlisted man [US] , tommy [British , informal] , private soldier, Tommy Atkins [British , informal]
13 N-PLURAL [usually poss NOUN] 私处；阴部
are your genitals. 私处；阴部 [informal]
15 PHRASE 私下地；秘密地
If you do something in private
, you do it without other people being present, often because it is something that you want to keep secret. 私下地；秘密地
View usage for:All yearsLast 10 yearsLast 50 yearsLast 100 yearsLast 300 years