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(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)
BNC: 205 COCA: 173
stɑːʳt stɑrt
Word forms: plural , 3rd person singular present tense starts, present participle starting, past tense , past participle started
1 VERB 开始(做某事) If you start to do something, you do something that you were not doing before and you continue doing it. 开始(做某事) [Also VERB]
  • John then unlocked the front door and I started to follow him up the stairs. [VERB to-infinitive]


  • It was 1956 when Susanna started the work on the garden. [VERB noun/verb-ing]

    苏珊娜是从 1956 年开始修建这个花园的。

  • She started cleaning the kitchen. [VERB noun/verb-ing]


SYN set about, begin, proceed, embark upon
Start is also a noun.
  • After several starts, she read the report properly.


2 V-ERG (使)开始;(使)发生 When something starts, or if someone starts it, it takes place from a particular time. (使)开始;(使)发生
  • The fire is thought to have started in an upstairs room. [VERB prep.]


  • The Great War started in August of that year. [VERB prep.]

    第一次世界大战于那年 8 月爆发。

  • Trains start at 11.00 and an hourly service will operate until 16.00. [VERB prep.]

    火车 11 点开始发出,每小时一班,一直运营到 16 点。

  • All of the passengers started the day with a swim. [VERB noun]


Start is also a noun.
  • ...1918, four years after the start of the Great War.

    1918 年,第一次世界大战爆发4年后

  • She demanded to know why she had not been told from the start.


3 VERB (…)开始;(…)着手 If you start by doing something, or if you start with something, you do that thing first in a series of actions. (…)开始;(…)着手
  • I started by asking how many day-care centers were located in the United States. [VERB + by]


  • He started with a good holiday in Key West, Florida. [VERB + with]


4 VERB 第一份工作是 You use start to say what someone's first job was. For example, if their first job was that of a factory worker, you can say that they started as a factory worker. 第一份工作是
  • Betty started as a shipping clerk at the clothes factory. [VERB + as]


  • Grace Robertson started as a photographer with Picture Post in 1947. [V as n]

    格雷斯·罗伯逊于 1947 年参加工作,做了《图片邮报》杂志的一名摄影师。

Start off means the same as start .start off start
  • Mr. Dambar had started off as an assistant to Mrs. Spear's husband.


5 VERB 开办;创办 When someone starts something such as a new business, they create it or cause it to begin. 开办;创办
  • George Granger has started a health centre and I know he's looking for qualified staff. [VERB noun]


  • Now is probably as good a time as any to start a business. [VERB noun]


Start up means the same as start .start up start
  • The cost of starting up a day care center for children ranges from $150,000 to $300,000.

    开办一个儿童日托中心的费用在 15 万到 30 万美元之间。

  • He said what a good idea it would be to start a community magazine up.


6See also:start-up 
7 V-ERG 开动,发动(发动机、汽车、机器等) If you start an engine, car, or machine, or if it starts, it begins to work. 开动,发动(发动机、汽车、机器等)
  • He started the car, which hummed smoothly. [VERB noun]


  • We were just passing one of the parking bays when a car's engine started. [VERB]


SYN start up, activate, get something going, fire up
Start up means the same as start .start up start
  • He waited until they went inside the building before starting up the car and driving off.


  • Put the key in the ignition and turn it to start the car up.


  • The engine of the seaplane started up.


Usage Note :
  • Start, begin, and commence all have a similar meaning, although commence is more formal and is not normally used in conversation. The meeting is ready to begin... He tore the list up and started a fresh one... The space probe commenced taking a series of photographs. Note that begin, start, and commence can all be followed by an -ing form or a noun, but only begin and start can be followed by a 'to' infinitive.

    startbegin commence 意思相近,但 commence 较正式,通常不会用在对话中,如:The meeting is ready to begin (会议就要开始了)He tore the list up and started a fresh one (他把清单撕碎,开始另列一张)The space probe commenced taking a series of photographs (空间探测器开始拍摄一系列照片)。要注意,beginstart commence 后面都可以跟 -ing 形式或名词,但只有 begin start 后面才能跟带 to 的不定式。

8 VERB 惊起;吓一跳;激灵 If you start, your body suddenly moves slightly as a result of surprise or fear. 惊起;吓一跳;激灵
  • She put the bottle on the table, banging it down hard. He started at the sound. [VERB]


  • Rachel started forward on the sofa. — 'You mean you've arrested Pete?' [VERB adv.]


Start is also a noun.
  • Sylvia woke with a start.


  • He gave a start of surprise and astonishment.


9 See also: head start  false start 
10 PHRASE 首先;第一 You use for a start or to start with to introduce the first of a number of things or reasons that you want to mention or could mention. 首先;第一
  • You must get her name and address, and that can be a problem for a start.


  • It comes as a surprise to be reminded that he is 70. For a start, he doesn't look it.

    有人提醒我他 70 岁了,这很令人惊讶。首先,他看上去不像。

  • To start with, where and when did it happen?


11 PHRASE 开局顺利/开局不顺 If you get off to a good start, you are successful in the early stages of doing something. If you get off to a bad start, you are not successful in the early stages of doing something. 开局顺利/开局不顺
  • The new Prime Minister has got off to a good start, but he still has to demonstrate what manner of leader he is going to be.


  • England got off to a bad start in the Five Nations' Championship, losing 35-10 to France.

    英格兰队在五国锦标赛中开局不利,以 10 35 输给了法国队。

12 PHRASE (事情、过程等)开始时,一开始 To start with means at the very first stage of an event or process. (事情、过程等)开始时,一开始
  • To start with, the pressure on her was very heavy, but it's eased off a bit now.


  • Success was assured and, at least to start with, the system operated smoothly.


13 in fits and starts→see: fit  to get off to a flying start→see: flying 
Thesaurusstart Also look up:

begin, commence, originate 1 2

establish, found, launch 5


beginning, onset 1 2

jump, scare, shock 8

Trends of start
View usage for:All yearsLast 10 yearsLast 50 yearsLast 100 yearsLast 300 years
BNC: 205 COCA: 173


ADJECTIVE | VERB + START | START + NOUN | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEauspicious, bright, decent, encouraging, excellent, fine, flying, good, great, impressive, promising, sound, strong, wonderful有利的開始;充滿希望的開端;不錯的開始;鼓舞人心的開始;精彩的開始;佔盡先機的開端;良好的開端;令人印象深刻的開始;扎實的開局Despite a promising start, we lost the game.我們雖然開場先聲奪人,但最後還是輸了。bad, disappointing, disastrous, poor, rocky, shaky, slow, sluggish, uncertain糟糕的開局;令人失望的開始;災難性的開始;艱難的開始;不穩定的開端;緩慢的開始;吉凶難測的開局running, standing (both often figurative) 迅速/原地起步The space project went from a standing start to the moon in ten years.航天工程 10 年前從零起步,10 年後登上了月球。false錯誤的開端After a couple of false starts, she found the job that suited her.在犯了兩三個錯誤之後,她找到了適合自己的工作。head (usually figurative) 先機All parents want to give their kids a head start in life.所有家長都希望讓自己的孩子在人生道路上搶佔先機。fresh, new全新的開始;新的開端early, late早的/晚的開始very最開頭right from the very start從最開始起VERB + STARTmake開始I think it's time we made a start.我想咱們該開始了。get off to起步The company got off to an impressive start this year.今年該公司有了個很好的開局。herald, mark, signal預示開始;標誌着開端START + NOUNdate, time開始日期/時間button, menu (computing計算機) , signal啟動按鈕/菜單/信號
I clicked the icon in the start menu.我點擊啟動菜單中的圖標。line, point, position起跑線;起始點;起始位置The runners walked up to the start line.參賽選手走向起跑線。Push through your heels to return to the start position.用力蹬腳後跟,回到起始位置。PREPOSITIONat the start (of)在⋯的開始Everyone was in a conciliatory mood at the start of the meeting.會議開始時,人人都抱着和解的想法。from the start從一開始She felt at home in her new job right from the start.她一開始幹起這份新工作就感到得心應手。prior to the start開始之前He joined the team prior to the start of the season.他在本賽季開始之前就加入了這支隊伍。start to⋯的開始The fine winter weather heralded a good start to the year.晴朗的冬日天氣預示着一年好的開始。start in⋯的起點Moving to a good school gave Sally a fresh start in life.轉到一所好學校使薩莉的生活有了一個全新的起點。PHRASESbe doomed from the start從一開始就注定The project was doomed from the start.這一項目的結局從一開始就注定了。from start to finish自始至終This is a thoroughly good book from start to finish.這本書從頭到尾都寫得很好。


ADVERB | VERB + START | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADVERBsuddenly突然開始Her heart suddenly started to race.她的心突然開始狂跳起來。immediately立刻開始just剛剛開始He has just started at school.他剛開始上學。At that point I just started to hate the man.從那一刻起我開始恨那個男人。already已經開始off, out開始We'll start off by doing some warm-up exercises.我們從熱身練習開始。up開始⋯She started up a conversation with the woman sitting next to her.她開始和坐在身邊的女子攀談起來。again, all over again, over (NAmE) 重新開始We'll just have to start all over again.我們只好整個從頭再來。VERB + STARTdecide to, expect to, hope to, intend to, plan to, want to決定/期待/希望/打算/計劃/想要開始be due to, be expected to, be scheduled to, be supposed to預定/預計/按計劃(於⋯)/應該開始Work is due to start this weekend.工作預定從本週末開始。be ready to準備好開始By early evening he was ready to start work.到傍晚時,他準備開始工作了。be about to, be going to即將/將要開始A new term was about to start.新學期就要開始了。had better, have to, need to最好/必須/需要開始You'd better start packing if you're to leave early tomorrow morning.你要是明天一早走的話,最好現在就開始收拾行李。PREPOSITIONas以⋯開始It started as a hobby and grew from there.開始時只是出於興趣,後來便一發而不可收。by以⋯作為開始Let's start by reviewing what we did last week.咱們開頭先複習一下上週做過的。from從⋯開始Start from the beginning and tell me exactly what happened.從開頭講起,告訴我到底發生了什麼事。on開始進行⋯I've finished decorating the bathroom, so now I can start on the bedroom.衞生間我已經裝修完畢,現在可以開始卧室的裝修了。with從⋯開始Let's start with this first piece of music.咱們從這第一首曲子開始吧。PHRASESget (sb/sth) started開始(着手⋯)It's already late, so I think we should get started.已經很晚了,我覺得咱們該開始了。a good, great, etc. place to start不錯、絕好等的開始If you want to learn about frogs, this book is an excellent place to start.你如果想瞭解青蛙,最好先讀讀這本書。let's start咱們開始吧start from scratch從頭開始I'll have to start again from scratch.我又得從頭再來。time to start sth是開始⋯的時候It's time to start thinking about next year.該開始考慮明年的事情了。
BNC: 205 COCA: 173
start verb
start (When does the class start?) begin (start work) set off (start out from Saigon) turn sth on (Start the engines!)
start noun
start (make a start) opportunity (a start in life)


start ♦︎ beginning ♦︎ opening ♦︎ outset ♦︎ onset ♦︎ birth ♦︎ dawn ♦︎ kick-offThese are all words for the first part or early stages of sth. 这些词均表示开端、开头部分或初期阶段。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配the start / opening to sthat the start / beginning / opening / outset / onset / birth / dawn (of sth)from the (very) start / beginning / outseta new start / beginning / opening / birth / dawna slow start / beginning / onseta / an early / late start / onset / kick-offa delayed start / opening / onseta promising start / beginning / openingto mark the start / beginning / opening / onset / birth / dawn (of sth)to herald the start / beginning / opening / onset / dawn (of sth)to see the start / beginning / opening / birth / dawn (of sth)to delay the start / opening / onset / kick-off (of sth) start [countable, usually singular] the point at which sth begins; the act or process of beginning sth 开头;开端;开始What a perfect start to the day!这一天的开始多完美呀!If we don't hurry, we'll miss the start of the game.要是不快走,我们就看不上比赛的开头了。We've had problems (right) from the start.我们从一开始就遇到了困难。The meeting got off to a good / bad start (= started well / badly).会议有了一个良好/糟糕的开端。The trip was a disaster from start to finish.那次旅行从头到尾都糟糕透顶。I'll paint the ceiling if you make a start on the walls.你要是动手刷墙,我就刷天花板吧。She's moving abroad to make a fresh start (= to begin a new life).她要移居国外,开始新的生活。OPP finish end noun see also start begin verb , start opportunity noun beginning [countable, usually singular] the first part or early stages of sth; the point at which sth begins 开头部分;初期阶段;开端;开头We're going to Japan at the beginning of July.我们7月初要去日本。We missed the beginning of the movie.我们错过了电影的开头部分。Let's start again from the beginning.让我们再从头开始吧。I've read the whole book from beginning to end.我把这本书从头到尾读了一遍。At the beginning (of) is used for the time and place when sth begins. In the beginning means 'at first', and suggests a contrast with a later situation. * at the beginning (of)用于表示某事开始的时间和起点。in the beginning表示起初、起先,与后来相对。 OPP end , ending end noun see also begin begin verb NOTE 辨析 Start or beginning?Although these words have almost the same meaning, they tend to be used in slightly different ways. An event, such as a game or meeting usually has a start; a story, book or movie usually has a beginning. In these cases, the start is usually shorter than the beginning. 虽然这两个词含义几乎相同,它们的使用方式却稍有不同。start通常表示game、meeting等活动的开始;beginning通常表示story、book或movie的开始。在这些情况下,start所持续的时间通常比beginning短We'll miss the start of the game (= the moment when it starts; the kick-off).我们将会错过比赛的开始部分。We missed the beginning of the movie (= the first few scenes).我们错过了电影的开头部分。Note that you say from start to finish and from beginning to end and notfrom start to end or from beginning to finish You usually say at the beginning of a particular month, season or decade. 注意,要说from start to finish和from beginning to end,不说from start to end或from beginning to finish。表示特定月份、季节或十年期的开始,通常用at the beginning ofat the start of July/summer/the 90s With other periods of time you can use either word, although beginning is usually more frequent. 对于其他时间段,则两词都可使用,尽管beginning通常更常用the beginning / start of the day / week / year / century / a new era一天/一周/一年/世纪/新时代的开始Only start can mean 'the act or process of beginning sth'. 只有start可表示开始做某事I want to make an early beginning. opening [countable, usually singular] (especially written) the first part or early stages of sth such as a play, book, film, game or other event (戏剧、书、电影或比赛等的)开始,开头部分The movie has an exciting opening.该影片的开头很刺激。The New Zealanders quickly lost control after a promising opening.新西兰人队在取得一个很不错的开局后很快便对比赛失去了控制。 OPP ending end noun see also open begin verb , opening first det. adj. outset ˈaʊtset [singular] (only used in the phrase at/from the outset 只用于短语at/from the outset) (rather formal) the beginning of sth 开始I made it clear right from the outset that I disapproved.从一开始我就明确表示我不赞成。 onset ˈɒnset; NAmE ˈɑːnset, ˈɔːnset [singular] (especially written) the beginning of sth, especially sth unpleasant (尤指不愉快的事的)开端,发生,肇始An active and healthy lifestyle can delay the onset of disease in later life.积极和健康的生活方式能够推迟晚年疾病的发作。 Onset is often used to talk about the early stages of illness or some other physical experience. * onset常指疾病或其他一些身体情况的开端the onset of illness / infection / disease / depression / AIDS / symptoms / shock / menstruation / puberty疾病/感染/疾病/抑郁症/艾滋病/症状/休克的发作;月经来潮;青春期的到来Other typical collocations relate to the weather. 该词的其他常用搭配词与天气有关the onset of winter / cold weather冬天/寒冷天气的来临 birth [singular] (especially written) the beginning of a new situation, idea or place 创始;开始;诞生This declaration marked the birth of a new society in South Africa.这份宣言标志着一个新社会在南非诞生了。 dawn [singular] (literary) the beginning of a new situation, idea or place 开端;曙光;萌芽That's been going on since the dawn of civilization.那种现象自从有了文明就一直存在。Peace marked a new dawn in the country's history.和平使这个国家的历史翻开了新的一页。 ˈkick-off [countable, uncountable] the start of a game of football (足球比赛的)开球,开始Kick-off is at 3.足球比赛3点开球。 start


 See also the entry for begin 另见begin条start ♦︎ begin ♦︎ start off ♦︎ kick off ♦︎ commence ♦︎ openThese words are all used to talk about things happening from the beginning, or people doing the first part of sth. 这些词均表示开始发生、开始做。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配to start / begin / start off / kick off / commence / open with sthto start / begin / start off / kick off / commence / open by doing sthto start / begin / start off / commence as stha campaign / season / tour / competition / match / festival / meeting starts / begins / starts off / kicks off / commences / opensa film / book / chapter starts / begins / starts off / opensan enquiry / investigation starts / begins / commences / openswork / production starts / begins / starts off / kicks off / commencesproceedings start / begin / kick off / commence / opena period starts / begins / commences / opensto have just started / begun / started off / kicked off / commenced / openedto start / begin / start off / kick off / commence / open immediately start [intransitive](of an event or thing) to happen or exist, when it was not happening or did not exist just before; to start in a particular way or from a particular point (事件或事物)发生,出现;(以某方式或从某事物)开始When does the class start?什么时候开始上课?There are a lot of small businesses starting up in that area.小型企业在那个地区大量涌现。She started as a secretary but ended up running the department.她以当秘书起步,最后成了那个部门的主管。The company started out with 30 employees.该公司创业时有30名员工。The evening started badly when the speaker failed to turn up.那天晚上一开始就很糟糕,因为演讲者没有到场。The trail starts just outside the town.那条小路是从刚出城的地方开始的。Hotel prices start at £65 a night for a double room.旅馆的双人房间从一宿65英镑起价。OPP finish end verb see also start begin verb begin (beginning, began, begun) [intransitive] to start to happen or exist; to start in a particular way or from a particular point; to start speaking 开始发生(或出现);(以某方式或从某事物)开始;开始讲话When does the concert begin?音乐会什么时候开始?The evening began well.晚会开始得很顺利。Use 'an' before words beginning with a vowel.在以元音开始的单词前要用an。'Ladies and gentlemen,' he began, 'welcome to the Town Hall.'“女士们、先生们,”他开始发言说,“欢迎光临市政厅。”OPP end end verb see also begin begin verb NOTE 辨析 Start or begin?There is not much difference in meaning between these words. Start is more frequent in spoken English and in business contexts; begin is more frequent in written English and is often used when you are describing a series of events. 这两个词含义差别不大。start较多用于口语和商务语境;begin较多用于书面语,常用于描述一系列事件The story begins on the island of Corfu.这个故事从科孚岛上开始。 Start is not used to mean 'begin speaking'. * start不表示开始讲话'Ladies and gentlemen,' he started. ˌstart ˈoff

phrasal verb

(rather informal) to start happening or doing sth; to start by doing or being sth 进行(或开展)起来;首先进行;一开始是The discussion started off mildly enough.讨论颇为温和地开始了。The leaves start off green but turn red later.树叶起先是绿色,但之后会变红。I started off working quite hard, but it didn't last.我一开始非常勤奋,但没有坚持下去。OPP finish up In British English, to finish up... is to be in a particular state or at a particular place after a series of events. 在英式英语中,finish up ...表示在一系列事件之后“结果成为⋯”或“最终来到⋯” (BrE) If you're not careful, you could finish up seriously ill.你要是不小心,到头来可能会得一场大病。
ˌkick ˈoff

phrasal verb

(informal) to start an event or activity, especially in a particular way; (of an event, activity, film or book) to start, especially in a particular way 开始(活动);(事件、活动、电影或书)开始,以⋯开头Tom will kick off with a few comments.汤姆讲话时要先发表几点意见。The festival kicks off on Monday, September 13.节期从9月13日星期一开始。 OPP wind up end verb
commence kəˈmens [intransitive] (formal) to start happening 开始发生The meeting is scheduled to commence at noon.会议定于午间召开。I will be on leave during the week commencing 15 February.我将于2月15日开始休假一周。 see also commence begin open [intransitive] to start an event or activity in a particular way; (of an event, film or book) to start, especially in a particular way 以⋯开始(活动);(事件、电影或书)开始,以⋯开头He opened with a version of Elvis's 'Can't Help Falling in Love.'他以埃尔维斯《情不自禁爱上你》的一个版本开始了。The story opens with a murder.这个故事以一宗谋杀案开篇。 Open is a less informal way of saying kick off; however, it is not usually used to talk about the time that people begin a shorter or more informal activity. * open是kick off的一种较正式的说法,但当表示活动于某个时间开始时,若活动时间较短或较不正式,通常不用openWhat time do we kick off?我们什么时候开始?What time do we open? You can use it for the dates and times of longer or more formal events. 若活动时间较长或较为正式,则可用open来表示何时举行The Annual General Meeting opens at 1pm on March 15th.年度全体会议于3月15日下午1时开始。 OPP close end verb see also open begin verb

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