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BNC: 414 COCA: 417
death
deθ dɛθ
Word forms: plural deaths
1 N-VAR ;死亡 Death is the permanent end of the life of a person or animal. ;死亡
  • 1.5 million people are in immediate danger of death from starvation.

    150 万人正面临着被饿死的急迫危险。

  • ...the thirtieth anniversary of her death.

    她逝世 30 周年的纪念日

  • The report mentions the death of 18 people in suspicious circumstances.

    那份报告提到 18 人死亡情况可疑。

  • There had been a death in the family.

    家里有人过世了。

SYN dying, demise [euphemistic] , bereavement, end
2 N-COUNT (某种)死法,死亡方式 A particular kind of death is a particular way of dying. (某种)死法,死亡方式
  • They made sure that he died a horrible death.

    他们让他死得很惨。

  • He would rather have a decent death which served some purpose than a meaningless death.

    他宁愿死得其所,也不想无谓地死去。

3 N-SING 终结;结束;灭亡;破灭 The death of something is the permanent end of it. 终结;结束;灭亡;破灭
  • It meant the death of everything he had ever been or ever hoped to be.

    这意味着他过去的一切存在或曾经希望的存在均已终结。

  • ...the death of pop music.

    流行音乐的死亡

4 PHRASE 病危;行将就木 If you say that someone is at death's door, you mean they are very ill indeed and likely to die. 病危;行将就木 [informal]
  • He told his boss a tale about his mother being at death's door.

    他向老板谎称自己的母亲病危。

  • My dad was the same. He could be at death's door but wouldn't say a word.

    我爸爸也一样。他就算已经病得快不行了也还是会一声不吭。

SYN dying, going, sinking, passing
5 PHRASE 斗争到底;誓死捍卫 If you say that you will fight to the death for something, you are emphasizing that you will do anything to achieve or protect it, even if you suffer as a consequence. 斗争到底;誓死捍卫 [emphasis]
  • He said they did not want war—but if attacked they would fight to the death.

    他说他们不希望有战争但一旦遭到攻击,定会战斗到底。

  • She'd have fought to the death for that child.

    她会为了那个孩子抗争到底。

6 PHRASE 生死决斗;殊死决战 If you refer to a fight or contest as a fight to the death, you are emphasizing that it will not stop until the death or total victory of one of the opponents. 生死决斗;殊死决战 [emphasis]
  • ...an eleven-hour fight to the death between a baboon and leopard.

    一只狒狒和一头美洲豹之间长达 11小时的殊死搏斗

  • He now faces a fight to the death to reach the quarter-finals.

    他现在面临一场杀入四分之一决赛的殊死决战。

7 PHRASE 生死攸关的;至关重要的 If you say that something is a matter of life and death, you are emphasizing that it is extremely important, often because someone may die or suffer great harm if people do not act immediately. 生死攸关的;至关重要的 [emphasis]
  • Well, never mind, John, it's not a matter of life and death.

    好了,约翰,别太在意了。这又不是什么生死攸关的大事。

  • We're dealing with a life-and-death situation here.

    我们正面临一个生死关头。

  • It is only a hobby, not a life or death struggle.

    这只是一项爱好,不需要拼死拼活地努力。

8 PHRASE 被处死;被处决 If someone is put to death, they are executed. 被处死;被处决 [formal]
  • Those put to death by firing squad included three generals.

    行刑队处决的那些人里有 3 名将军。

9 PHRASE (用于动词后)以致死亡 You use to death after a verb to indicate that a particular action or process results in someone's death. (用于动词后)以致死亡
  • He was stabbed to death.

    他被刀刺中身亡。

  • ...relief missions to try to keep the country's population from starving to death.

    努力确保该国人民不被饿死的救援任务

  • He almost bled to death after the bullet severed an artery.

    子弹穿过动脉,他失血过多几乎性命不保。

10 PHRASE (用于形容词或动词后,表示强调)吓得要死/无聊得要命 You use to death after an adjective or a verb to emphasize the action, state, or feeling mentioned. For example, if you are frightened to death or bored to death, you are extremely frightened or bored. (用于形容词或动词后,表示强调)吓得要死/无聊得要命
  • He scares teams to death with his pace and power.

    他的速度之快、力量之大让其他队胆战不已。

  • Whereas 10 years ago I would have worried myself to death about it, now I accept it is part of the game.

    10 年前我会为此担心得要命,但现在我接受了它是游戏的一部分。

  • I went out last night, but not for very long. I was bored to death.

    昨晚我出去了,但没有呆很久。我感觉无聊透了。

11 PHRASE [VERB inflects] 使累死累活地工作(或劳动) If you say that someone works another person to death, you are emphasizing that they make them work very hard indeed, especially in a way that seems cruel or unfair. 使累死累活地工作(或劳动) [emphasis]
  • They worked themselves to death but never lost their humour.

    他们累死累活地干活,但却从没有丢掉幽默感。

Quotations
Dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return Bible: Genesis
Any man's death diminishes me, because I am involved in Mankind; And therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls; it tolls for thee John Donne LXXX Sermons
To die completely, a person must not only forget but be forgotten, and he who is not forgotten is not dead Samuel Butler Notebooks
Death, the most dreaded of evils, is therefore of no concern to us; for while we exist death is not present, and when death is present we no longer exist Epicurus letter to Menoeceus
Death hath so many doors to let out life John Fletcher The Custom of the Country
I could not look on Death, which being known,
Men led me to him, blindfold and alone
Rudyard Kipling Epitaphs of the War
One dies only once, and it's for such a long time Molière Le Dépit Amoureux
I want death to find me planting my cabbages, but caring little for it, and even less for the imperfections of my garden Montaigne Essais
Anyone can stop a man's life, but no one his death; a thousand doors open on to it Seneca Phoenissae
Death hath ten thousand doors
For men to take their exits
John Webster The Duchess of Malfi
After the first death, there is no other Dylan Thomas A refusal to mourn the death, by fire, of a child in London
Revenge triumphs over death; love slights it; honour aspireth to it; grief flieth to it Francis Bacon Essays
Fear death? - to feel the fog in my throat,
The mist in my face
Robert Browning Prospice
Death never takes the wise man by surprise; he is always ready to go Jean de la Fontaine Fables
If there wasn't death, I think you couldn't go on Stevie Smith
My name is Death: the last best friend am I Robert Southey The Curse of Kehama
O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? Bible: I Corinthians
It is good to die before one has done anything deserving death Anaxandrides fragment
Fear of death is worse than death itself William Shakespeare King Lear
I have been half in love with easeful death John Keats Ode to a Nightingale
How wonderful is death,
Death and his brother sleep!
Percy Bysshe Shelley Queen Mab
Though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil Bible: Psalm 23
Death be not proud, though some have called thee
Mighty and dreadful, for thou art not so
John Donne Holy Sonnets
We all labour against our own cure, for death is the cure of all diseases Thomas Browne Religio Medici
Death is nature's way of telling you to slow down Anon.
Men fear death as children fear to go in the dark; and as that natural fear in children is increased with tales, so is the other Francis Bacon Essays
Death and taxes and childbirth! There's never any convenient time for any of them Margaret Mitchell Gone with the Wind
There is no cure for birth and death save to enjoy the interval George Santayana Soliloquies in England
In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes Benjamin Franklin letter to Jean Baptiste Le Roy
Word Partnership
Word PartnershipUse death with:
ADJ.

accidental death, violent death 1

sudden death 1 2

N.

brush with death, someone's death, death threat 1

cause of death 1 2

Trends of death
View usage for:All yearsLast 10 yearsLast 50 yearsLast 100 yearsLast 300 years
BNC: 414 COCA: 417
death

noun

ADJECTIVE | VERB + DEATH | DEATH + VERB | DEATH + NOUN | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEearly, premature, untimely早逝;夭折;意外逝世The president's untimely death has thrown the country into chaos.總統意外過世,使國家陷入混亂。sudden, unexpected猝死;意外死亡immediate, instant即時死亡quick快速死亡lingering, slow緩慢的死亡approaching, imminent, impending即將到來的死亡certain, inevitable確定的/無可避免的死亡He had been miraculously saved from almost certain death.他奇跡般地從死亡線上獲救。an escalating series of tragic and inevitable deaths一系列愈演愈烈的悲劇性的、不可避免的死亡preventable可預防的死亡Obesity is a leading cause of preventable deaths.在可預防的死亡中,肥胖是罪魁禍首。needless, senseless, unnecessary無謂的死亡needless deaths in a war created by hatred因仇恨而開戰導致的無謂死亡horrible, horrific, terrible慘死grisly, gruesome恐怖的/可怕的死亡tragic悲慘的死亡the tragic death of their son他們兒子的慘死mysterious, suspicious神秘的死亡;可疑的死亡Police are not treating the death as suspicious.警方沒把這一死亡作為可疑死亡處理。unexplained不明原因的死亡natural, unnatural自然死亡;非自然死亡accidental意外死亡a verdict of accidental death意外死亡的裁決wrongful非正常死亡People can sue for wrongful death. (NAmE, law法律) 人們可以就非正常死亡提起訴訟。brutal, violent慘死;暴力死亡Police report a decrease in violent deaths.警方報告暴力死亡人數有所減少。agonizing, painful痛苦的死亡painless無痛苦的死亡cot, crib (NAmE) 嬰兒猝死neonatal新生兒死亡The most common cause of neonatal death is birth defects.新生兒死亡最常見的原因是先天缺陷。road道路交通事故引起的死亡cancer, cancer-related癌症導致的死亡;與癌症相關的死亡More than 30% of all cancer deaths in the country can be attributed to smoking.這個國家三成多的癌症死亡都與吸煙有關。drug-related, overdose與藥物相關的/濫用藥物造成的死亡an increase in drug overdose deaths藥物過量致死人數的增加shooting槍擊死亡combat (NAmE) 戰鬥死亡Women accounted for 2% of all combat deaths.女性佔全部戰鬥死亡人數的 2%。civilian平民死亡The bombing resulted in many civilian deaths.轟炸造成很多平民喪生。living (figurative) 生不如死the living death of captivity生不如死的囚禁生活VERB + DEATHbring, cause, lead to, mean, result in造成死亡;招致死亡;意味着死亡;導致死亡the drivers who bring death to our roads道路交通死亡事故的肇事司機Poor living conditions can lead to early death.惡劣的居住條件會導致早亡。Touching the wires means instant death.觸碰電線可導致立刻死亡。The brutal attack resulted in the man's death.粗暴的毆打導致這個人死亡。die, face, meet, suffer死去;面對死亡;喪生She died a slow and painful death.她拖了很長時間才死,非常痛苦。He met his death two years later.他兩年後死了。contemplate思索死亡risk冒死fear害怕死亡approach, be near, near接近死亡avoid, cheat, defy, escape免於一死;死裏逃生He escaped death by inches when a tree fell on his tent.一棵樹倒在他的帳篷上,他險些被砸死。hasten加速死亡drugs which will hasten the death of a terminally ill patient加速末期病人死亡的藥物prevent阻止死亡fake假死She faked her own death so he couldn't find her.她假裝自己已經死了,讓他無法找到。save sb from將某人從死亡邊緣救回來。grieve, mourn哀悼亡靈They are still mourning the death of their daughter.他們仍在哀悼他們的女兒。avenge為⋯之死報仇How far would they go to avenge the death of their friend?為了替死去的朋友報仇,他們會走多遠?order下令處死What kind of man orders the death of his own sister?什麼樣的人會下令處死自己的親姐妹?investigate調查死亡experience, witness體驗/目睹死亡He witnessed the death of his mother from tuberculosis.他目睹了自己的母親死於肺結核。celebrate, commemorate, mark紀念去世a service to commemorate the death of thousands of soldiers紀念數千位陣亡將士的儀式record記錄死亡No deaths from the disease have been recorded since 1990.自從 1990 年以來就沒有這種疾病的患者死亡記錄了。bleed to, burn to, choke to, freeze to, starve to失血而死;燒死;窒息而死;凍死;餓死condemn sb to, sentence sb to判某人死刑batter sb to, beat sb to, burn sb to, choke sb to, club sb to, crush sb to, flog sb to, hack sb to, kick sb to, put sb to, stab sb to, stone sb to, torture sb to, trample sb to連續猛擊某人致死;打死某人;燒死某人;掐死某人;用棍棒打死某人;碾死某人;鞭打某人致死;砍死某人;踢死某人;處死某人;刺死某人;用石頭砸死某人;折磨某人致死;踩踏某人致死be punishable by, be punished by可判處/被處以死刑Incest was punishable by death.以前亂倫罪可判處死刑。DEATH + VERBcome, happen, occur死亡來臨;死亡發生Her death came at the age of 82.她離世時 82 歲。More deaths occur in winter.冬天死亡的人較多。result from sth因⋯而死deaths resulting from disease疾病導致的死亡approach死亡接近It's a curious sensation, knowing that your death is approaching soon.知道自己將不久於人世是一種很奇怪的感覺。DEATH + NOUNrate死亡率The government's campaign aims to cut the death rate from heart attacks.政府開展的運動是為了降低心臟病的死亡率。count, toll死亡人數The death toll in the earthquake has been put at over one thousand.地震死亡人數據估計超過 1,000 人。penalty, sentence死刑;死刑判決If found guilty of drug trafficking, the pair could face the death penalty.如果販毒罪名成立,二人可能面臨死刑。row死囚牢There are currently over 3 000 prisoners on death row.目前死囚區裏關押有 3,000 多名囚犯。certificate死亡證明書benefit死亡保險金Your next of kin will receive death benefit if you die in an accident.意外死亡者的近親會得到死亡保險金。duties, tax (NAmE) 遺產稅After the death duties had been paid, there was little money left for the family.交了遺產稅後,幾乎沒給這家人剩下多少錢。threat死亡恐嚇The actor has received death threats since appearing in the controversial movie.這名演員自從出演了那部有爭議的電影後就不斷遭到死亡恐嚇。wish求死願望He took drugs as if he had some kind of death wish.他吸毒好像有些為求一死。notice訃告a death notice in the newspaper報紙上的一則訃告record死亡記錄Chicago's birth and death records芝加哥的出生和死亡記錄date死亡日期It's easier to trace ancestors if you know their birth or death dates.如果知道祖先的生卒日期,追溯起來就容易多了。agonies, throes死前的痛苦;垂死掙扎The snake was writhing in its death agonies.那條行將死去的蛇在痛苦地扭動。By 1740, European feudalism was in its death throes. (figurative) 到 1740 年,歐洲的封建主義搖搖欲墜。bed (usually deathbed) 臨終On his deathbed, my father made me promise not to sell the house.父親臨終前要我承諾不把房子賣掉。squad暗殺小組Paramilitary death squads are operating in the area.一些準軍事性質的暗殺小組正在這一地區活動。march死亡行軍The prisoners were sent on a death march through the jungle.囚犯們被令進行穿越叢林的死亡行軍。warrant (often figurative) 死刑執行令;招致難以脫身的麻煩事By publicly condemning the terrorists, he was signing his own death warrant.他公開譴責恐怖分子,等於是在自尋死路。camp死亡集中營He died as a prisoner of war in an enemy death camp.他成為戰俘,死在了敵人的死亡集中營裏。scene死亡場面The movie contains plenty of death scenes.這部電影裏包含大量死亡場面。cult死亡崇拜PREPOSITIONafter (sb's) death(某人)死後Do you believe in life after death?你相信有來生嗎?at death (formal) 死亡時The average age at death of plague victims was 14.瘟疫受害者的平均死亡年齡是 14 歲。before (sb's) death(某人)死前in death死時His face looked more peaceful in death than it had during his last days.他死去時臉上的表情比最後的日子裏平靜得多。near (to) death臨近死亡It was clear that the dog was near death.很明顯那條狗快死了。on sb's death隨着某人的死亡On Samuel's death, the farm passed to his sons.塞繆爾一死,農場就傳給了幾個兒子。death by因⋯導致的死亡death by starvation餓死death from⋯引起的死亡Two deaths from cholera have been reported.已報道了兩例霍亂引起的死亡。PHRASEScause of death死亡原因The coroner said the cause of death was a stroke.驗屍官說死亡原因是中風。a matter of life and death, a matter of life or death生死攸關的事Delivering on time is a matter of life and death for a small company.是否按訂單準時交貨對小公司來說關乎存亡。put sb to death處死某人sentence of death死刑判決Four prisoners were under sentence of death.4 名囚犯被判處死刑。
BNC: 414 COCA: 417
BNC: 414 COCA: 417
death
Death and general words relating to death: morbidity, death, mortality...
Ends, finishes and final stages: end, ending, finish...

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