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TOEFL BNC: 2053 COCA: 1254
rezɪdənt ˈrɛzɪdənt ˈrɛzɪˌdɛnt
Word forms: plural residents
1 N-COUNT [usually plural] 居民;住户;居住者 The residents of a house or area are the people who live there. 居民;住户;居住者
  • The Archbishop called upon the government to build more low cost homes for local residents.


  • More than 10 percent of Munich residents live below the poverty line.


2 ADJ [verb-link ADJ] (在某地)居住的,居留的 Someone who is resident in a country or a town lives there. (在某地)居住的,居留的
  • He moved to Belgium in 1990 to live with his son, who had been resident in Brussels since 1967. [+ in]


SYN inhabiting, living, staying, settled
3 ADJ [usually ADJ n] (医生或教师)住在任职地的 A resident doctor or teacher lives in the place where he or she works. (医生或教师)住在任职地的 [British]
  • The morning after your arrival, you meet with the resident physician for a private consultation.


4 N-COUNT 实习医生 A resident or a resident doctor is a doctor who is receiving a period of specialized training in a hospital after leaving university. 实习医生 [US]
5 ADJ [ADJ n] 特聘的;专聘的 If an institution has a resident specialist, that specialist works for the institution. 特聘的;专聘的
  • Having begun her career at Gray's Pottery, she stayed there as resident designer for seven years.


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TOEFL BNC: 2053 COCA: 1254
TOEFL BNC: 2053 COCA: 1254


 See also the entry for tenant 另见tenant条resident ♦︎ citizen ♦︎ inhabitant ♦︎ dweller ♦︎ householder ♦︎ local ♦︎ nativeThese are all words for a person who lives in a particular place. 这些词均表示居民、居住者。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配local residents / citizens / inhabitants / householdersrural residents / inhabitants / dwellers / householderscity / urban residents / dwellerspermanent residents / inhabitantsprivate citizens / householders resident ˈrezɪdənt [countable] a person who lives in a particular place or who has their home there 居民;住户There were confrontations between local residents and the police.当地居民和警察之间有过冲突。Japan has more than 1.1 million registered foreign residents.在日本登记的外国居民超过110万人。 see also reside live citizen ˈsɪtɪzn [countable] a person who lives in a particular place 居民;市民She is a prominent citizen of the town.她是那个城市的杰出市民。The king was visiting France as a private citizen (= not as a head of state).国王正以私人身份访问法国。 Citizen is used especially to make a comment about people's character or status as members of the community. * citizen尤用于评论人的品质或作为社会成员的地位This terrible crime has shocked all law-abiding citizens.这桩可怕的罪行震惊了所有守法公民。When you're old, people treat you like a second-class citizen (= with fewer rights than other people).你老了以后,人们就把你当二等公民对待。 see also citizen citizen inhabitant ɪnˈhæbɪtənt [countable] a person or animal that lives in a particular place (某地的)居民,栖息动物It is a town of about 10 000 inhabitants.这是一个有约1万名居民的城镇。He is Brixham's oldest inhabitant.他是布里克瑟姆最早的居民。The island's earliest inhabitants came from India.岛上最早的居民来自印度。 see also inhabit live NOTE 辨析 Resident or inhabitant? Resident is the most general word here and can refer simply to all the people who live in a town, area or country. It can also refer to people who have their home in a particular place for official purposes, for example for paying tax. A resident is usually part of a modern society, living in a house or flat in a village, town or city. Inhabitant can be used in a similar way, or it can refer to people (or animals) living a more basic life either in the past or in a wilder environment. * resident在本组词中含义最宽泛,可指居住在某个城镇、地区或国家的所有人,亦可指出于纳税等公务目的将家安在某处的人。resident通常指住在村镇或城市房子或公寓的居民,是现代社会的一部分。inhabitant有类似用法,也可指生活在过去或是比较荒蛮的环境中生活较为简朴的人,还可指生存在某处的动物the inhabitants of the rainforest / tundra / remote islands热带雨林/苔原/偏远岛屿的居民 dweller [countable] (especially in compounds 尤用于构成复合词) (rather formal, written) a person or animal that lives in the particular place that is mentioned 居民;居住者;栖身者The disease spread quickly among the poor slum dwellers of the city.这种疾病在那座城市的贫民窟迅速蔓延。Almost all Asian hornbills are forest dwellers.几乎所有的亚洲犀鸟都栖身于森林。 householder ˈhaʊshəʊldə(r); NAmE ˈhaʊshoʊldər [countable] (formal) a person who owns or rents the house that they live in 房主;住户Single householders receive a 20% discount on their council tax.单身户主缴纳市政税享有20%的减税。 local [countable, usually plural] a person who lives in a particular place or area, especially compared with people coming from outside 当地人,本地人(尤与外地人相对)The locals are very friendly.当地人很友好。Tensions have been growing between students and locals in the area.那个地区的学生和当地居民之间关系日益紧张。 native [countable] a person who lives in a particular place, usually sb who has lived there a long time, and especially compared with tourists or foreigners 本地人,当地人(尤与游客或外国人相对)You can always tell the difference between the tourists and the natives.游客与当地人的区别一望便知。She speaks Italian like a native.她的意大利语说得和意大利人一样。In the past the word native was used by Europeans to describe a person who lived in a place originally, before white people arrived there. This use of the word is now considered offensive and should be avoided. When using native simply to mean sb who has lived in a place for a long time, make it clear that the contrast is with tourists or foreigners (especially those who speak a different language), not with white people or Westerners. In many cases it may be better to use local instead. 在过去,欧洲人用native一词指某地在白人来到之前的原住民、土著,这一用法如今被视为冒犯,应当避免。用native表示在某地住了很长时间的当地人时,要说清楚是与游客或外国人(尤其是讲别种语言的)相对而言的,而不是与白人或西方人相对。在许多情况下,用local可能会更好You can always tell the difference between the tourists and the locals.游客与当地人的区别一望便知。However, in the context of language, use native. 不过,谈论语言时,用nativeShe speaks Italian like a local. see also native citizen noun , native cultural adj.
TOEFL BNC: 2053 COCA: 1254
Doctors and other medical and health specialists: anaesthetist, analyst, anesthetist...
Words used to describe workers: acting, auxiliary, auxiliary...
Experienced and educated: educated, knowledgeable, trained...

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